Well-founded Fear of Persecution

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This is one of the main elements of the refugee definition of the 1951 Convention. This element includes a subjective factor (fear of persecution) as well as an objective factor (fear should be well founded). According to the 1951 Convention, fear shall be founded on persecution related to five main elements as race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.

Convention foresees the consideration of the person’s psychological state is enough to determine the subjective concept of fear. It can not be expected from the refugee to bring along the documents and evidences of this fear. It is necessary to consider the objective status of each asylum seeker in the course of individual procedures. Evaluations shall be accordingly if leaving the country is carried on by a group.

Source: Orçun Ulusoy; 2009; Sorularla İnsan Hakları; İnsan Hakları Gündemi Derneği; Turkish