United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) was founded in 1948 to carry out direct relief and works programs for Palestinian refugees who were displaced after the foundation of the State of Israel and forced to seek asylum in Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Syria and also who reside in Palestinian territories under Israeli occupation.
There are approximately three million Palestinian refugees registered to UNRWA today. Other UN organizations (UNHCR in particular) do not execute operations related to this area as a result of the existence of this specific UN organization. Nonetheless, Palestinian refugees outside the scope of UNRWA, benefit from conventions and other UN mechanisms as other refugees. The liability related to the protection of UNRWA registered refugees is in fact not assigned to this organization; their protection is the liability of the country which accepts the refugees. Although a long time and generations have passed, only Jordan granted citizenship to a great number of refugees. The status and the future of the remaining refugees remain uncertain and most of them sustain their living under unendurable conditions.
Source: Orçun Ulusoy; 2009; Sorularla İnsan Hakları; İnsan Hakları Gündemi Derneği; Turkish